Understanding the Great Depression:
What can we learn from the Italian Experience?
(joint with Fabrizio Perri)
We analyze the italian economy in the interwar years and show
that the great depression represented a major slodown in economic activity.
We argue that the slowdown cannot be explained solely by productivity shocks
and that other factors must have contributed to the depth and duration
of the the 1929 depression. We present a model in which trade restrictions
together which wage rigidities produce a slowdown in economic activity
that is consistent with the one observed in the data. The model is also
consistent with evidence from sectoral disaggregated data.