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Forsburg Lab Protocols: Hydroxylamine Mutagenesis of plasmid DNA

We use this method for random mutagenesis of plasmid DNA which is then used in a plasmid shuffle or screen for ts mutants. It is derived from the protocol in Rose and Fink, Cell 48:1047-60 (1987) .

1. Prepare 1M Hydroxylamine solution.

  • 0.35g hydroxylamine hydrochloride (H3NO-HCl)
  • 450 µl 5M NaOH
  • 4.55 ml ice cold sterile MQ water

Make sure pH is around 6.7 and keep solution on ice

2. Treatment

Incubate 10 µg plasmid DNA with 500 µl hydroxylamine solution for 20 h at 37 °C in an eppendorf tube. Seal eppendorf tube with parafilm.

3. Purification

Purify DNA from hydroxylamine using Qiagen column...(Purification of plasmid DNA prepared by other methods...page 31 of 7/99 QIAprep Miniprep Handbood)
  • add five volumes of Buffer PB to one volume of DNA and mix
  • load column (0.75 mls at a time) and centrifuge 1 min at max speed
  • wash column with 0.75 mls Buffer PE (stand 1 min, centrifuge 1 min at max speed)
  • centrifuge one more time (1 -3 minutes at max speed)
  • elute DNA with TE or EB (50 µl), stand 1 min, centrifuge into new tube)

4. Recovery

Check recovery of DNA from mutagenesis by running on agarose gel and transform into appropriate yeast strain. Use approximately 500 ng to 1 µg DNA per transformation.



Forsburg Lab anecdotes:
We used a plasmid shuffle strategy for mcm7. We mutagenized from 16 to 22.5 h at 36 *C or 1 h at 70 *C, transforming by electroporation with 5 µl mutagenized DNA per electroporation. We screened about 10,000 transformants and recovered 3 ts mutants (all mutagenized for 22.5 h at 36*C). Two contained identical mutations. One of the mutants did not support growth when reintegrated into the genome in single copy. The other is a well behaved, tight ts.