AFRICAN AMERICAN RESOURCES
- Sites listed here are not necessarily endorsed by the CMMR; they are
listed for informational purposes only. Full text articles and resources
are also provided. If you would like to suggest a site to be added to this
listing please visit our "Submit a Site" page.
Visit our review of the Ebonics debate below.
- RE-LIVE SIGNIFICANT MOMENTS IN HISTORY, LISTEN
TO. . .
- Martin Luther King,
Jr., delivering his "I
have a dream" speech at
the March on
- Video: 30.24 sec (1.3 MB) QuickTime
- Audio segment: 33.04 sec (730 K) .au or .wav
- Hear the "I Have a Dream" speech in its entirity on a
RealAudio version of the segment. (16:14)
- Jesse Jackson
describing his "Rainbow
Coalition" at the
- Audio segment: 14.49 sec (330 K) .au or .wav
- Hear the Reverend Jesse Jackson Address to the Democratic
Convention "God is Not Finished With Me Yet." San Francisco,
California, July 17, 1984 on a RealAudio version of the
- Barbara Jordan's Historical
Keynote Address to Democratic
National Convention, July 12,
- Congresswoman Barbara Jordan's Keynote Address to the
Democratic Convention, 1976 on a RealAudio version of the
- To download the RealAudio Player consult
RealAudio's home page. For the free Player go to the download page.
- FRONTLINE, PBS's public-affairs series presents an in depth look at "The
Two Nations of Black America". Thirty years after Martin Luther King
Jr's death, how have we reached this point where we have both the largest
black middle class and the largest underclass in our history? Harvard
Professor Henry Louis Gates Jr. leads this Frontline report.
- Audio excerpts from the Du Bois Institute's 1997 forum "A converstaion
on Race" (Requires "RealAudio" software) is included along with
interviews of such notables as Eldridge Cleaver, Quincy Jones, Angela
Davis, Julian Bond, Cornel West, Jesse Jackson. . . and more.
- "A Glimpse of History" Video presentation presents scenes of the Howard
University 1968 takeover (Requires "RealPlayer" software). During the
sixties, even before students on white campuses demonstrated against the
Vietnam War, students on black campuses raised the issue of whether
their institutions of higher learning were "relevant" to the needs of the
black community. In the forefront of this movement was Howard
University in Washington, D.C., then known as the "Harvard for blacks."
- Frontlines forum "Join the Discussion" is also provided to answer the
questions: Is the black community better of today than it was in 1968?
And. . . How can its growing class gap be closed?
To download the RealAudio Player consult RealAudio's home page.
For the free Player go to the download page.
- African-American Educational Strides
- NPR's Larry Abramson reports that according to the U.S. Census Bureau,
African-Americans are now just as likely to graduate from high school as
are whites. However, Hispanic immigrants are still facing problems in
their educational progress.
- Hear the report on a RealAudio version of the segment.
- To download the RealAudio Player consult RealAudio's home page.
For the free Player go to the download page.
Academic Info African American History
African American History
- An comprehensive, annotated directory of internet resources on black history.
- This University of Washington libraries page provides starting points for historical
research. Included are the major databases for finding historical information such as
catalogs and indexes as well as pertinent web sites.
African American History and Culture
- Selected links to sites hosted by the Smithsonian Institution museums and organizations.
The African American Holocaust
- Warning!! the pages of this site contain explicitly graphic materials. Frightening pictorial
account of racism in America.
African American Male Research
- Research and advocacy in the Interest of the African American national community. African
American Male Research aims to provide, consistent, and incisive analysis of the social,
economic, and political conditions surrounding the African American male. Summarizes the
latest social scientific findings most important to the African American male's interests and
status. Provides timely accounts of the most important news developments impacting the
Black male's status. Reviews legislation and related policy developments important to the
African American male's collective interests.
The African-American Mosaic
- A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the study of Black history and culture. The Mosaic
is the first Library-wide resource guide to the institution's African- American collections.
Covering the nearly 500 years of the Black experience in the Western hemisphere, the
Mosaic surveys the full range size, and variety of the Library's collections, including books,
periodicals, prints, photographs, music, film, and recorded sound.
African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship
- This Special Presentation of the Library of Congress exhibition, The African American
Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship, showcases the Library's incomparable African
American collections. The presentation is not only a highlight of what is on view in this
major black history exhibition, but also a glimpse into the Library's vast African American
collection. Both include a wide array of important and rare books, government documents,
manuscripts, maps, musical scores, plays, films, and recordings. This presentation is not
African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A.
P. Murray Pamphlet Collection 1818 - 1907.
The African and Middle Eastern Reading Room Library of
- The Library of Congress' Daniel A. P. Murray Pamphlet Collection presents a panoramic and
eclectic review of African-American history and culture, spanning almost one hundred
years from the early nineteenth through the early twentieth centuries, with the bulk of the
material published between 1875 and 1900. Among the authors represented are Frederick
Douglass, Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Benjamin W. Arnett, Alexander
Crummel, and Emanuel Love.
- The African and Middle Eastern Reading Room functions as the primary public access point
for the African and Middle Eastern Division. Housed in the division are materials in a
variety of vernacular scripts, such as Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Georgian, Hebrew,
Persian, Turkish, and Yiddish. The African and Middle Eastern Division plays a key role in
providing reference and bibliographic services on a pivotal world area. Covering more than
70 countries and regions, from Morocco to Southern Africa to the Central Asian republics of
the former Soviet Union, the division's three sections--African, Hebraic, and Near East-
offer in-depth reference assistance and produce guides to the Library's rich and varied
collections on this area. They cooperate with other Library of Congress units in developing
collections that meet the research needs of a varied constituency. They also maintain contacts
with international scholarly and professional organizations that relate to this geographic
The African World Community Network
- The Aframian WebNet is an unique centralized repository of afrocentric links that serves as
a cyberspace launching pad to the numerous sites on the World Wide Web that are by, about
and/or of interest to African Americans ("AFRAMIANS").
Africans in America: America's Journey Through Slavery
- America's journey through slavery is presented in four parts. For each era, you'll find a
historical Narrative, a Resource Bank of images, documents, stories, biographies, and
commentaries, and a Teacher's Guide for using the content of the Web site and television
series in U.S. history courses.
- Africa Online is Africa's gateway to the Internet. The service chronicles the daily lives of
African communities with daily news reports by local African news networks, and from
various NGOs. The broader service features Home Pages for various African countries,
interest groups and individuals, on-line reference materials.
The Amistad Research Center
- An independent archives, library, & museum dedicated to preserving African-American &
ethnic history and culture at Tulane University. With more than 10,000,000 documents,
the Amistad today is acknowledged as the nation's largest independent African-American
Archives of African American Music and Culture at Indiana
Black Excel: The College Help Network
- The Archives of African American Music and Culture is a center devoted to the research and
study of African American music and culture. Collections include audio and video recordings,
photographs, original scores, and oral histories, among other artifacts and ephemera related
to popular, religious, and art musics, and Black radio. The archives conducts collaborative
resarch with such units as the Afro-American Arts Institue and the Archives of Traditional
Music at Indiana University, the Smithsonian Institution and the Rhythm and Blues
- Black Excel is a college admissions and scholarship service for African-American students.
Since its founding in 1988 by Isaac J. Black, Black Excel has helped young people and their
parents all across the country to navigate the difficult college admission process.
- CLIMB is a collaboration of like-minded individuals who seek to improve the accuracy and
content of historical and cultural artifacts on the Internet. In particular, CLIMB aspires to
be a central jumpstation for individuals and organizations interested in Black content on the
Black Quest Power Resource Links
The Encyclopædia Britannica Guide to Black History
- Extensive list of annotated links to African American sites that explore the African American
experience. Also provides link to award winning educational and heritage CD ROM game,
Black Quest, that celebrates, preserves and reinforces the African American culture, legacy
- Features 600 informative articles and is beautifully illustrated with historical film clips
and audio recordings, as well as hundreds of photographs and other images. The Related
Internet Links and Bibliography sections provide excellent source material and areas for
further study, as does the Study Guide for Students, which is organized around six classroom
activities, each with their own teacher recommendations, technical tips, and scholastic
Great African Americans in the Sciences
- African Americans have contributed greatly to not only the world of science, but some of their inventions are so much a part of our everyday lives that we may take them for granted. Here are African American scientists that have made some of the most significant contributions to modern science.
Historically Black Colleges & Universities
- This Web provides access to the Internet-based resources developed by HBCUs, as well as to
other educational, historical, and cultural materials of interest to the HBCU community and
other educators with an interest in HBCUs. It is presented by the ERIC Clearinghouse on
Urban Education (ERIC/CUE) and is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of
Education Research and Improvement.
The Internet African American History Challenge
- The Internet African American History Challenge helps you sharpen your knowledge of
African American history. Includes biographical profiles of some important 19th century
African Americans and an informative, fun to take cyber-challenge that is ideally suited for
The Journal Of Negro Education
- The Journal of Negro Education is a refereed scholarly periodical at Howard University. It is
one of the oldest continuously published periodicals by and about blacks. The Journal was
launched with a threefold mission: first, to stimulate the collection and facilitate the
dissemination of facts about the education of black people; second, to present discussions
involving critical appraisals of the proposals and practices relating to the education of black
people; and third, to stimulate and sponsor investigations of issues incident to the education
of black people. It reflects the international scope of interest in educational issues affecting
people of African descent and other people of color throughout the world.
Lest We Forget
- Researching, publishing, and disseminating historical and current documents that focus on
the history and culture of African-Americans and other groups, their relationships,
interactions, and contributions to the development and growth of this country.
Martin Luther King, Jr.Directory and Martin Luther King,
Jr., Papers Project at Stanford
- A website maintained in Germany, features quotes, speeches, interviews, poems and Ossie
Davis's eulogy. Also has additional links to other Malcom X resources.
- This Directory contains secondary documents written about Martin Luther King, Jr., as well
as primary documents written during King's life. The folks at the Martin Luther King, Jr.,
Papers Project at Stanford University continuously update and improve this site.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
- The NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, is the oldest, largest
and strongest Civil Rights Organization in the United States. The principle objective of the
NAACP is to ensure the political, educational, social and economic equality of minority group
citizens of the United States. The NAACP is committed to achievement through non-violence
and relies upon the press, the petition, the ballot and the courts, and is persistent in the use
of legal and moral persuasion even in the fact of overt and violent racial hostility.
- Magazine for Southern California African Americans.
Universal Black Pages
- The main purpose of the Universal Black Pages (UBP) is to have a complete and
comprehensive listing of African diaspora, forced scattering of Africans to the New World by
means of the trans-Atlantic slave trade and colonization, related Web pages at a central site.
The UBP is an information service which resides at the Georgia Institute of Technology but is
not affiliated with the Institute. Included among the topics are: Educational
Opportunities/Activities, Schools and Student Organizations, The Diaspora, History, Art,
Life, and Music.
- Literature and History written by and on African Americans. Brings together texts which
capture a wide range of experience in Black American history. Featured writers include Nat
Turner, Frederick Douglass, Martin Luther King Jr., Malcom X, and Maya Angelou. This site
also has links to important resources for the study of Ralph Ellison and Richard Wright.
FULL TEXT RESOURCES AND ARTICLES
- African Languages at the K-12 Level
- by Patricia Kuntz. Although the teaching of African languages at the elementary and
secondary levels is rare, a number of schools offer one or more of the following major
African languages at these levels: Arabic (North Africa), Hausa (West Africa), Swahili
(East Africa), Wolof (Senegal), Yoruba (Nigeria), and Xhosa and Zulu (South Africa).
This digest suggests these programs have adequate instructional materials, learning
time, effective teaching practices, and curricula designed by scope and sequence.
- Classroom Materials On African American Studies
- Annotated bibliographies and ERIC abstracts highlighting classroom materials for
African American studies and students. The documents and journal articles have been
entered into the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) database. Most
documents can be ordered from original sources or from the ERIC Document
Reproduction Service, 1-800-443-ERIC.
- The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr.
- This page contains a few of King's more famous works and includes some of the material
found in The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr.at the MLKJ Website at Stanford
University. Included are the Letter from Birmingham Jail, August 28th Address at
March on Washington (The "I Have a Dream" speech), Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech,
and the I See The Promised Land (aka "I've Been To The Mountaintop", King's last
sermon). Free registration may be required.
- School Programs For African Males
- by Carol Ascher. Educators know all too well that they alone cannot solve the social and
economic problems in the U.S. that so severely limit opportunities of African American
males. Nonetheless, many educators and other concerned citizens are introducing new
practices targeted specifically to their unique needs. Efforts are also being made to
decrease the suspension and expulsion rates of black males, to lower their
representation in general tracks and special education programs and raise it in
programs for the gifted and talented, and to improve the recruitment and training of
teachers and counselors in predominatly black schools. This digest article explores
- A Way With Words
- OCRACOKE, N.C. April 7 -- In recent years, much debate has centered on how schools
should teach students who speak a foreign language. But what's almost never debated, and
is little understood, is dialect. A 75 student K 12 school on an island on the outer banks
of North Carolina is playing a role in helping young residents understand the history of
their unique dialect and, possibly, keep remnants of the "Ocracoke brogue" alive.
Includes: "A Sampler of the Ocracoke Brogue," and "Beyond Ebonics." (Education Week)
- Dialect Education: Not Only for Oakland
- by C. T. Adger. This digest suggests that under-informed about what dialects are, how
they relate to each other, and what functions they fulfill, people have voiced views about
language in society that cannot be scientifically justified.
- Ebonics and Culturally Responsive Instruction
- by Lisa Delpit. This article takes a closer look at some of the connections between
language, teaching and cultural identity.
- Ebonics Information Page
- Center for Applied Linguistics Ebonics information page provides resources that CAL has
been disseminating to those interested in information about Ebonics, or African
American vernacular English, information about Ebonics, or African American
- Embracing Ebonics and Teaching Standard English: An Interview with
- by Carrie Secret. This 31-year veteran of Oakland classrooms explains the effects of the
Standard English Proficiency program, which recognizes the systematic, rule-governed
nature of "Black English" while helping students learn Standard English, and how respect
and cultural awareness can help teachers reach their students.
- English Dialect Use and Student Educational Achievement and Employment
- Annotated bibliographies and ERIC abstracts about issues of English non-standard dialect.
The documents and journal articles have been entered into the Educational Resources
Information Center (ERIC) database. Most documents can be ordered from original
sources or from the ERIC Document Reproduction Service, 1-800-443-ERIC.
- English Lesson
- January 23, 1997 transcript of PBS television report on the ebonics debate.
- Full Text of Ebonics' Resolution Adopted by Oakland Board of Education -
December 18, 1996
- Resolution of the board of education adopting the report and recommendations of the
African-American Task Force; a policy statement and directing the superintendent of
schools to devise a program to improve the English-language acquisition and application
skills of African-American students.
- - Amended Resolution of the Oakland Board Of Education - January 15, 1997
- "I 'on Know Why They Be Trippin'"
- by Theresa Perry. An essay on the political furor that greeted the Oakland School Board's
resolution on Ebonics, and some of the issues that were glossed over during the noisy
national debate that followed.
- If Ebonics Isn't a Language, Then Tell Me, What Is?
- by Wayne O'Neil. A linguist addresses some of the more common questions about Ebonics
and the Oakland School Board resolution, and some of the misconceptions about the
resolution spread by the mainstream media.
- Linguistic Society of America Resolution on the Oakland "Ebonics" Issue
- Regional and Social Dialects
- The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) position paper on regional
and social dialectal varieties of English.
- Senate Testimony on Ebonics
- Testimony submitted by William Labov, Professor of Linguistics at the University of
Pennsylvania, Past President of the Linguistic Society of America, member of the
National Academy of Science.
- The Ebonics Controversy in My Backyard: A Sociolinguist's Experiences
- by John R. Rickford. A Sociolinguists, from the Department of Linguistics at Stanford
University, discussion of the controversial language debate on Ebonics.
- The Real Ebonics Debate: Power, Language and the Education of African
- The national debate on Ebonics did little to clarify the misunderstandings about the
history of thelanguage or to help educators develop curriculum. Delpit, Perry, and the
other writers in thisvolume offer background history that excavates the race and power
dynamics surrounding the development of the language, and discuss how an understanding
of Ebonics may affectclassroom practice. From Rethinking Schools Urban Education
- Vernacular Dialects in U.S. Schools
- by Donna Christian. Children from different backgrounds come to school speaking a wide
variety of dialects. Should our schools try to teach all students to use a standard dialect?
If so, how? If not, how should different dialects be handled in the school setting? What
impact does speaking a non-school dialect have on students' academic success and on their
interactions with others in and out of school? These complex and controversial questions
are discussed in this digest article.
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